What is Referential Integrity (RI)| Database Management System

what is Referential integrity constraint in DBMS

Referential integrity is a system of rules that a DBMS uses to ensure that relationships between records in related tables are valid and that users don’t accidentally delete or amendment connected knowledge.

You can set referential integrity when the following conditions are below.

The matching Field from the first table may be a primary key or encompasses a distinctive index.

  • The related fields have the same data type.
  • Both tables belong to the same database. If the tables are linked tables, They must be of the same DBMS format, and you must open the database in which they are stored to set referential integrity. Referential integrity can’t be enforced for linked tables from a database in other formats.

Referential integrity Rules

  • You can’t enter a value in the foreign key field of the related table that doesn’t exist in the primary key of the central table. However, you’ll be able to enter a Null price within the foreign key, specifying that the records are unrelated. For Example, you can’t have an order that is assigned a Null value in the customer ID field.
  • You can’t delete a record from a primary table if matching records exist in a related table, For example, you can’t an employee record from the Employees table if there are orders allotted to the worker within the order table.

You can’t change a primary principal value in the central table if that record has a related career. For example, you can’t change an employee’s ID in the  Employees table if there are orders assigned to that employee in the Orders table.

Referential integrity Example

For example, if we tend to delete record variety fifteen in an exceedingly primary table, we want to make sure that there’s no foreign key in any connected table with the worth of fifteen. We should always solely be able to delete a primary key if there are not any associated records. Otherwise, we might find yourself with the associated file.

Read also related article

what is Data Definition Language (DDL)

what is Primary key

what is Foreign key

keys in DBMS

what is my SQL server

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