What is a Business Plan and how to Make a Business Plan


Planning is an essential process before you start a business, and creating a written business plan is an important part of that process. Business Plan is a way to map your business or blueprint with your general business information, business goals, and anything of those goals. Business plans work not only as a guide but also for many important tasks such as bank loans, startup funding or business participation.

It is very important to make business plans for almost all types of commercial loans if banks refuse to give.



What is a Business Plan and how to make a Business Plan


Any work is planned before it is done. The same applies to Business where the scheme is called Business Plan in writing. In fact, Business Plan is a document that answers all questions like what, why, and how for a new business. as:


• What is our business?

• Why we want to do this business

• How do we do this business?


All these questions are answered by our business plan. Business Plan is primarily for a new business, but even if someone is doing something new, a business can grow by creating a Business Plan. Business Plan not only creates a start-up but also helps you build a business. Business Plan can also be changed according to the circumstances from time to time.




Why Business Plan is created


You can think about what is required for creating a business plan. Through his business plan, the practitioner clearly explains what strategy he is formulating to achieve his set goals and his goals. Business plans or business plans are required for the following purposes:-


• Apply for a business loan in the bank

• Raise funds for your small business or startup in other ways such as Venture Capital firm or crowdfunding

• Apply for any kind of subsidy or plan related to the business

• For business partnerships and franchises etc.


A well-built business plan not only makes it easy to get finance from the bank and other external sources but also in internal operations.


How to Write a Good Business


Any scheme has been designed very thoughtfully. The same applies when creating a business plan. Any business is planned as a business plan before starting. So there are a few things to keep in mind before you are planning a good business. Key to:

• What is the main purpose of creating this business plan?

• Business plan for whom it is being formulated. Among those who read it are investors or bankers whose property has been investing in the business?

• What’s included in your business plan?

• Need a concise or detailed business plan?

When these questions are answered, a trader starts planning his business. Focus on anyone successful and clear business plan on the following topics:-


1. What is the purpose of the business


A well-designed business plan can explain the objectives of any business. Through this trading plan, the trader discovers what he plans for his future. These objectives also provide a description of the benefits businesses face.


2. Details of clear details of the business


Find a complete explanation about any business unit through the business plan. It is through this business plan that anyone else knows that you started your business and what your purpose.


3. What are business products and services


When designing a business plan, a business practitioner can decide what type of products he produces and what services he has to provide.


4. Helpful in the market analysis-


The practitioner also analyzes the market before he makes a trading plan. Only through this analysis can you know the future advantages and disadvantages.


5. Description of Business Structure –


Any business structure shows your employee and managerial ability. Creating a business plan also lets you know about the business structure.


6. Access to resources-


The best means of any business unit is the time of the money and trader invested in it. When creating a business plan, you’ll need to decide how to use both of these important resources.


7. Goal setting-


It is necessary to set the goal of any task to complete successfully. Business goals are easy to set when creating a business plan.



Business Plan Template


However, there are no fixed formats for any business plan and are created differently as needed. A business plan usually consists of the following parts:-


Executive Summary


Executive Summary is the first part of any business plan and summarizes all the important things related to the business plan. Business Nature, legal structure, product or services, target market, business model, management team, marketing plan, target, financial projection, fund or loan required, etc. are summarized.


The full essence of other business plans is written in this section, so it is better to make the part in the end.


Company or Business Overview



All information about your business is written in detail in this part of the business plan, such as

• Nature of business

• Product or service description

• What are your target markets

• The legal structure of the business, whether that is, whether the business is a single, partnership or company,

• Staff and management team,

• Business sites

In addition, everything related to the product or services of the business is described in this section as follows:-

• What problems are solved with your product or services, or what are the items with it?

• however completely different your product or services from others?

• Why people will buy your product?

• How do you make your product and that method are the best?

• You have registered products and services with trademarks, patents, etc.

Product/Products Service descriptions can also be shown in a separate section.



Market Analysis


This section analyzes all the important things related to the target market in your product or service, such as:-

• Target market, market size, and Demand

• Who you sell – target customer, their behavior, class, and purchasing power (buying power)

• Who are your competitors and how much market share they have, their strengths and weakness

• Significant changes in future demand and market


market analysis


Marketing Strategy


This part of the business plan is considered to be very important. This section describes all the policies that you want to use to deliver your products and services to customers and market promotions. Under this section, you must define the following:-

• How to make your product or service your place in the market

• Who will show interest in your product or services for the first time and how you will reach them are your target customers

• What will be your pricing policy

• How will you promote your product or service, such as direct marketing, advertising, social media, etc?

• How you’ll distribute your products or services to customers – distribution channels

• What will be your sales strategy?




This is an important part of which business operations have detailed information about how “business” is running, such as:

• Business Place –

Where you’ll be doing your business. Will you buy or rent a place?

• Production facility and system –

what type of production facility you have and whether it is as per requirement.

• Purchase plan –

how you buy your input and what it is the best way

• Production plan –

How will you produce your product? Based on Demand or on estimate basis.

Workforce structure and their role –

positions of your employees, workstations and their responsibilities

• Systems and Information Technology –

what kind of main IT system will be your business

• Store convenience –

How much stock you keep and where you will keep it.


Financial Analysis

Financial analysis is the most important part of any business plan as this part presents all the important things and projections of your business in statistics or numbers. This part shows the financial position and capital requirement of your business to a bank or enterprise firm based on which banks lend and venture capital firms invest. This part mainly focuses on:

1. How much capital or funds you need for a business and where to use it –  Capital/Capital Business Fund.

2. Loans, enterprise grants, crowdfunding, own capital, etc.

3. How many years you will take a loan, what will be the security and how to repay it

4. Business revenue/revenue Income Source – Sales, Other Income

5.  Business Expenditure – Purchase, interest payment, rent, etc.

6. Forcast the profit and loss of your business over the next 3-5 years based on sales, revenue, and expenses

7. Business Development Forcast

8. Trade risks and its potential consequences


Important of financial analysis Statements/Forcast

• Capital Requirement and Sources of Capital

• Sales Forcast of 2-4 Years

• Profit and Loss Forcast of 2-4 Years

• cashflow Account

• Balance Sheet

A business plan is the most important document of your business constantly guides you to grow your business.  a lot of care should be taken in its construction.

2 thoughts on “What is a Business Plan and how to Make a Business Plan”

  1. I am just starting my own business, and it is very important for me to get advice or informational help from knowledgeable people. Thanks for sharing the tips. I hope they will help me!


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